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Life for a horse can be pretty scary. In the wild they have to constantly be aware of danger in the form of predators, so thousands of years of this behaviour is ingrained into our horses. There are not likely to be many predators in the meadows of the UK but anything unknown or sudden can make a horse think its life is in danger. They are also herd animals, and being alone or out with a companion they do not trust can be very difficult for them. Another thing to think about is the comfort of the horse. Badly fitting tack or rough treatment will make most horses more likely to take a sudden turn when riding. Its important to know the difference between a scared horse and a horse who is uncomfortable. If there is any doubt, always consult a professional. There are many more variables in horses, but here is a few to think about: Scared  Wide eyes Shaking Snorting / flared nostrils Head in the air, not moving about Refusing to move forward Standing very still or attempting to spin, bolt, prance or unseat rider Ears pointed forwards and not flickering Discomfort Reluctance to tack up before a ride Hollowing the back,  riding with the head to the floor or swinging it Walking backwards, sidewards without listening to aids or rushing forwards Ears to the side, flickering or back and a general “grumpy” face Pawing at the ground Looking around the area, not focused on one particular area/object Bucking and rearing or snapping at something with their mouth “Stubborn” horses need work with schooling and training to find out why they are doing what they are doing, but what can you do to make your horse unafraid? Wendy Avery explains: Hi my name is Wendy. I am 43, have been around horses all of my life and I have two very different horses. I have owned my 18 year old Irish Draft cross 'Nick' since he was 3 years old. He has always been a very brave and confident horse and can remain in control under the most challenging of situations. A lot of people refer to him as 'Bombproof'; however his biggest downfall is someone approaching him to attach a rosette to his bridle or hand me a dressage score sheet. People are surprised when such a calm and confident horse takes fright like this. I never fully resolved this issue, it was easier to simply ask people in advance not to hand me anything or to fold it before handing it over. In most situations, Nick thinks first, then reacts. If I am quick, I can control the reaction he chooses and praise him when his reaction is a safe one. Even if something takes me by surprise, more often than not, Nick's reaction is safe. I am very lucky to have such a wonderful horse, but I could never suggest that he is bombproof. I have owned my 8 year old TB x Shire x cob 'Spider' since he was 3 years old. I realised very early on that Spider is not naturally 'brave' and would never be anywhere near bombproof, so I have tried to make use of his trusting and inquisitive nature to try to help him to cope with situations. If nothing else, I was determined to remain safe if anyone approached him with a 'flappy' thing! Spider will react to something before thinking, so I really have to be several steps ahead of him to try to stay safe. When hacking, I see more and more balloons, bunting, flags, kites and colourful children's' toys now, so I have tried to make these objects part of everyday life for Spider, in the hope that it prevents him from spinning and bolting if he comes across anything when we're out. When he was 3 years old I introduced him to the 'Touch' game by asking him to touch a treat tub lid (target) with his nose, from the verbal command 'Touch!'. When he touched it I would click my tongue and give him a treat with my other hand. I would ask him to reach up and touch the target above his head, round to his side and between his front legs. I also use a cat toy on a stick which has a bell in it, so that he can locate the target by sound if he can't see it. Then I added other objects such as an unopened umbrella and asked him to touch that. The first time I walked across his field with a huge golf umbrella up he instantly knew this was something he would be rewarded for touching! Eventually I was able to hold objects that he was already familiar with whilst riding. I always start slowly, with the object folded, then unfold it as and when safe. I had already got him used to objects being dropped or dragged, so if I had to drop something from his back it wouldn't alarm him more. Children on scooters and cycles often want to catch up with horses to say hello, without realising that they may scare the horse. Despite Nick being terrified of show judges with rosettes, he is excellent with children who run at him carrying all sorts of strange objects. I think his caring nature towards children (and the chance that they are going to stroke him and adore him!) helps. To help Spider with this occurrence, I made use of fly-tipped kiddies' toys which are great, especially if they've seen better days. If the wheels are rusty and out of alignment they rattle, squeak and shoot off at odd angles. I started off at a distance and only got closer as his tolerance and acceptance allowed. Scaring him at this stage would have been a setback. He is an inquisitive type and quickly followed me and my new toys round for treats. I find with some horses that turning my back to a scary object can help. If I'm not scared enough to look at it then hopefully the horse will see it as less of a threat. When hacking, I find that looking over my opposite shoulder on the approach to something which may cause a problem (such as a litter bin or discarded cardboard box) can help in a number of ways: If your horse spooks you know what you are jumping into You can turn your horse's head so he is aware of things that are more dangerous than his 'perceived' threat Your blocking aids on that side are automatically engaged to discourage movement in that direction Your horse's attention can be diverted to what he thinks you are looking at and you've passed the scary object by the time he looks back! I also leave scary things near their field, paddock or schooling area and gradually move them nearer. They currently have bunting on the paddock fence after I spotted a local bridge with bunting on both sides. Hopefully when crossing the bridge I won't end up in the middle of the road when strong cross winds catch the bunting. I also place objects on my horses' regular route between field and stable. When leading the horse past I make sure I walk next to the object, so that if the horse does panic it will jump away from me, not on top of me. It also helps their confidence if they see that I am happy to go past it confidently. Some horses would like the games I play with Spider, but some would hate it. All horses are different and need an individual approach. It doesn't matter how much work you do, they are still unpredictable, but doing as much as you can to prevent and accident has to be a good thing.  
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